May 27, 2020
Office Hours: Friday's 1:30-3:00 PM
Instructional Hours: Thursday's 1:30- 3:00 PM on Teams

April 27, 2020
Attention Students and Parents,
Grades for Marking Period 3 were finalized today. Report cards will be mailed out on May 4th. There will be no Marking Period 4 grades and the final grades will be averaged from Marking Periods 1-3. At this time we do not have a date when we will be allowed to go into the school to retrieve personal items. I will began posting the lesson on Mondays and the students will have until Thursday to complete the optional activities. During our instructional time on Thursday's, I will answer questions and clarify the PowerPoint. I hope that everyone is being safe and is in good health. 

April 13, 2020

Attention Students and Parents,
There have been some changes to my office hours through Teams or through emails. My new office hours are on Friday's from 1:30-3:00 PM. Also, the student's instructional time will be from 1:30-3:00 on Thursday's. I will meet with my students on Microsoft Teams at this time to go over the lesson and give instruction for the first 10-15 minutes. The students will then have time to complete the lesson and ask questions. Again, all of the work is review and there will be no grades given. I will be available during my office hours for questions and feedback. As always I am available Monday-Friday from 8-3 through email, but during my office hours I will answer more promptly. I hope everyone is healthy and keeping safe. I really miss all of you.

April 2, 2020
Please Read!!
Although PWCS is unable to provide instruction or class assignments to students while schools remain closed, our School Division hopes that the suggestions for optional learning activities posted here will help parents support student learning until schools re-open. Please remember that use of these materials and participation in these activities are optional and neither grades nor course credit will be awarded.

March 30, 2020
All students have access to Microsoft Teams through their school email accounts. I have placed an assignment on Teams for all students. I will be accessible through email or through Teams from 9-10 AM and 2-3 PM Monday-Friday. I will be posting other optional assignments to Teams in the future. Continue to stay safe!

March 26, 2020

Please Read!!!

I have added some additional resources for students to practice continuous learning through these unprecedented times.
Please go to my "Files and Documents" link and there are some optional review items for students to continue learning.
Please continue to stay safe!

Below is an accounting of the standards we have covered and when we covered them. 
Where we have been...

Ongoing: CE.1 The student will develop the social studies skills responsible citizenship requires, including the ability to a) examine and interpret primary and secondary source documents; b) create and explain maps, diagrams, tables, charts, graphs, and spreadsheets; c) analyze political cartoons, political advertisements, pictures, and other graphic media; d) distinguish between relevant and irrelevant information; e) review information for accuracy, separating fact from opinion; f) identify a problem, weigh the expected costs and benefits and possible consequences of proposed solutions, and recommend solutions, using a decision-making model; g) formulate an informed, carefully reasoned position on a community issue; h) select and defend positions in writing, discussion, and debate.
9/23-10/4 (a,b) and 11/6-11/22 (c,d): CE.2 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the foundations of American constitutional government by a) explaining the fundamental principles of consent of the governed, limited government, rule of law, democracy, and representative government; b) explaining the significance of the charters of the Virginia Company of London, the Virginia Declaration of Rights, the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom, and the Constitution of the United States, including the Bill of Rights; c) identifying the purposes for the Constitution of the United States as stated in its Preamble; d) identifying the procedures for amending the Constitution of Virginia and the Constitution of the United States.
9/3-9/20: CE.3 The student will demonstrate knowledge of citizenship and the rights, duties, and responsibilities of citizens by a) describing the processes by which an individual becomes a citizen of the United States; b) describing the First Amendment freedoms of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition, and the rights guaranteed by due process and equal protection of the laws; c) describing the duties of citizenship, including obeying the laws, paying taxes, defending the nation, and serving in court; d) examining the responsibilities of citizenship, including registering and voting, communicating with government officials, participating in political campaigns, keeping informed about current issues, and respecting differing opinions in a diverse society; e) evaluating how civic and social duties address community needs and serve the public good. 
9/3-9/12: CE.4 The student will demonstrate knowledge of personal character traits that facilitate thoughtful and effective participation in civic life by a) practicing trustworthiness and honesty; b) practicing courtesy and respect for the rights of others; c) practicing responsibility, accountability, and self-reliance; d) practicing respect for the law; e) practicing patriotism; f) practicing decision making; g) practicing service to the school and/or local community.
10/7-11/1: CE.5 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the political process at the local, state, and national levels of government by a) describing the functions of political parties; b) comparing the similarities and differences of political parties; c) analyzing campaigns for elective office, with emphasis on the role of the media; d) examining the role of campaign contributions and costs; e) describing voter registration and participation; f) describing the role of the Electoral College in the election of the president and vice president; g) participating in simulated local, state, and/or national elections.
11/25-1/10: CE.6 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the American constitutional government at the national level by a) describing the structure and powers of the national government; b) explaining the principle of separation of powers and the operation of checks and balances; c) explaining and/or simulating the lawmaking process; d) describing the roles and powers of the executive branch.
1/21 – 2/7: CE.7 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the American constitutional government at the state level by a) describing the structure and powers of the state government; b) explaining the relationship of state governments to the national government in the federal system; c) explaining and/or simulating the lawmaking process; d) describing the roles and powers of the executive branch and regulatory boards.
2/10-2/21: CE.8 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the American constitutional government at the local level by a) describing the structure and powers of the local government; b) explaining the relationship of local government to the state government; c) explaining and/or simulating the lawmaking process.
1/13-1/20: CE.9 The student will demonstrate knowledge of how public policy is made at the local, state, and national levels of government by a) examining the impact of the media on public opinion and public policy; b) describing how individuals and interest groups influence public policy; c) describing the impact of international issues and events on local decision making.
2/24-3/11: CE.10 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the judicial systems established by the Constitution of Virginia and the Constitution of the United States by a) describing the organization of the United States judicial system as consisting of state and federal courts with original and appellate jurisdiction; b) describing the exercise of judicial review; c) comparing and contrasting civil and criminal cases; d) explaining how due process protections seek to ensure justice. 

If you would like review materials, you may look at SOL PASS. The password is Rippon. You may also read the text at this link.
You may wish to do the reviews at the end of each chapter and are welcome to contact me for clarification. 
Starting Monday, March 23rd I will be available to you from 8:20 AM - 1:00 PM during the week . I will check my email every hour on the hour. 
Please understand, you are not required to do any work as there will be no grades given. I encourage you to do some of the work to keep your mind sharp. 
I miss every last single one of you and cannot wait until we are all back together!

Please stay safe!

March 13, 2020
Important Please Read!!

In the event that schools will be closed for a prolonged period of time, please keep an eye on your emails and encourage your students to check their emails. There will be important links sent out to all parents and students in order to maintain continued learning. I will also place documents and links to certain lessons on my web page as well. Please continue to be safe.

                                        Welcome to Civics/Economics! 
     I am excited for another school year and I am ready for another successful year in civics! This first week of school we will be getting to know each other and learning the procedures and expectations for an 8th grade civics class. We are now using The Hub for all communications pertaining to your student. The Hub will replace Parent Portal you should have received an email over the summer with your password information. 
     All Back to School information can now be found electronically by following this link
Please use this link to read and sign all documents that will need to be returned to the school. The emergency card will be sent home with your student. Please make sure that all of the information is correct and if you need to make any changes please make them on the card, sign, and send it back with your student.
     I will update my page weekly and attach assignments in my files and documents. I will also communicate via email when there are tests or projects to inform you and to remind students of upcoming due dates. I have attached my syllabus and the supply list in "Files and Documents"
    I am really excited about getting to know and your students this school year and if you need to contact me my email is

Elethia Harris